The Paris Good Fashion glossary was born following the citizen consultation on responsible fashion carried out in 2020 at the initiative of our association alongside a collective of committed actors*.
It responds to the expectations expressed by more than 107,000 participants, concerning the need for consumer information and the need to use a common language understood by all. Hence, the members of Paris Good Fashion decided to develop this glossary in order to exchange and communicate on the same basis.
Initially published in French, this glossary is now available in English in order to make as many people as possible benefit from this work. It includes about 350 definitions, and is the result of collaborative work with our members**.
- We first defined the main categories and terms to be included. First, we defined the main categories and terms to be included: general terms of fashion and sustainable development, labels and certifications, actors and initiatives, and materials. Another category was established, that of "Basic concepts". It includes the most important generic terms of our sector. These are also often the most complex, as their scope is either very broad or unclear.
- Then, we carried out bibliographical research, which allowed us to carry out a state of the art of the existing definitions by basing them on the official and international definitions when they existed.
- When they did not exist, the terms were the subject of consultation and in-depth reflection by Sylvie Benard, Clémence Grisel and Isabelle Lefort in order to be enriched and as precise as possible. For each term, you will find the bibliographic references that helped establish its definition.
- Following this work which took place from March 2021 to February 2022, the definitions were submitted to the members for correction and validation. Special thanks go to Claudia Lee and Guy Morgan (Chanel), François Souchet (BPCM), and Andrée-Anne Lemieux (IFM) for their careful reading of the translation, coordinated by Clémence Grisel.
If you would like to know more, or have any suggestions, please contact us at email@example.com
* Eram Group, Etam Group, Galeries Lafayette, Petit Bateau, Vestiaire Collective, WSN
** They participated in the WG: Chantal Cabantous (Balmain), François Souchet (BPCM), Éric Dupont, Guy Morgan, Claudia Lee (Chanel), Christophe Bocquet and Aude Vergne (Chloé), Sylvain Cariou and Hugo Sereys (Crystalchain), Clémence Hulet and Alice Timmerman (Deloitte), Géraldine Vallejo, Yoann Regent and Annabelle Villot Malka (Kering), Frédéric Lecoq (Lacoste), Hélène Valade and Alexandre Capelli (LVMH), Thomas Bucaille and Pauline Mattioli (Petit Bateau) as well as Léonore Garnier (FHCM), Adeline Dargent (Syndicat de Paris de la Mode Féminine) and Andrée-Anne Lemieux (IFM)
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A law passed in France on February 11, 2005 on the equal rights and opportunities, participation and citizenship of disabled persons requires establishments serving the public to be accessible to people with all types of disability.
Reference: French Secretary of State for people with disabilities
By granting citizens a role in the environmental debate, the Aarhus Convention fulfils expectations of transparency and accessibility that are synonymous with good public governance.
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The foundations for the Aarhus Convention were laid by the Rio Declaration:
• 1992: Principle 10 of the Rio Declaration of June 14, 1992 states that “Environmental issues are best handled with the participation of all concerned citizens, at the relevant level.”
• 1995: Held in Sofia, Bulgaria, on October 25, 1995, the Third Ministerial Conference "Environment for Europe" introduced a series of non-compulsory Guidelines on Access to Environmental Information and Public Participation in Environmental Decision-making. These guidelines were the basis for negotiations, from early 1996 until March 1998, that led to the drafting of the Aarhus Convention.
• 1998: On June 25, 1998 in Aarhus, Denmark, the Fourth Ministerial Conference "Environment for Europe" approved the Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters, commonly known as the Aarhus Convention.
• 2001: On October 30, 2001 the Aarhus Convention entered into force after ratification by 16 countries.
• 2002: On July 8, 2002 France ratified the Aarhus Convention which came into force on October 6, 2002 under law n° 2002-285 of February 28, 2002, which authorised approval of the Aarhus Convention, and decree n° 2002-1187 of September 12, 2002 which gave effect to the Aarhus Convention.
French General Commission for Sustainable Development
Aarhus Convention (1998)
In France, only COFRAC (Comité Français d'Accréditation) is authorised to accredit CABs. From a voluntary status, accreditation has become obligatory in certain sectors, with the result that around fifty per cent of CABs are accredited.
See: COFRAC, certification body
COFRAC - Certification and accreditation
COFRAC - What is accreditation?
Acetate production can contribute to deforestation when the wood pulp is not responsibly sourced, e.g. pulp from endangered forests. Certifications and initiatives such as FSC, PEFC and CanopyStyle provide assurance that cellulose comes from sustainably managed sources.
Another major problem arises from the large number of chemicals used to dissolve the pulp and obtain the finished filaments. They release chemical substances and gases that are potentially harmful to workers and the environment.
Lyocell and Cupro are two alternatives to acetate that are produced in a similar but more sustainable way. Lyocell uses wood pulp from sustainably managed forests while Cupro is manufactured in a closed-loop process during which no harmful waste is released into the environment.
Like other synthetic fibres, acrylic raises numerous environmental concerns: the use of fossil resources as feedstock; carbon emissions during production; consumption of chemicals, energy and water, and a complex recycling process. Also, the acrylonitrile contained in acrylic is considered to be a possible human carcinogen and mutagen.
Like the majority of synthetic fibres, acrylic is linked to microfibre – and more particularly microplastic – pollution which endangers marine life and poses a serious risk to human and environmental health.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Fédération Maille, Lingerie et Balnéaire
Reference: The Uptide
Reference: French Ministry of Economy
Alliance du Commerce
Alpaca fibre production is more or less sustainable depending on farm management (ecosystem management, chemical treatments, etc.) and animal welfare criteria.
Textile Exchange’s Responsible Alpaca Standard applies strict criteria of animal welfare, responsible land management, and social welfare.
Textile Exchange (2022) Preferred Fiber & Materials Report
Textile Exchange - Responsible Alpaca Standard
Around 90% of angora is produced in China, where the fur is torn from the live rabbit’s skin. Because of the extremely high risk of abuse – both general treatment and during fur harvesting – many brands have withdrawn angora from their ranges.
Textile Exchange (2022) Preferred Fiber & Materials Report
The Good Goods
Animal welfare is frequently defined in relation to the Five Freedoms. These Five Freedoms are one of the guiding principles which inform the work of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). First published in 1979 in the United Kingdom by the Farm Animal Welfare Council, they are widely recognised and inscribed in the OIE’s Terrestrial Code. They are:
• Freedom from hunger, malnutrition and thirst
• Freedom from fear and distress
• Freedom from heat stress or physical discomfort
• Freedom from pain, injury and disease
• Freedom to express normal patterns of behaviour
French Ministry of Agriculture
World Organisation for Animal Health (WOAH)
Stratigraphic analysis and analysis of the Earth system indicates that the Anthropocene epoch would begin in the mid-twentieth century, although other dates have been proposed and are under study. The concept has been adopted by a wide range of disciplines and by the public to mark the profound influence of human activity on the state, dynamic and future of the Earth system.
Reference: IPCC (2022) Glossary
Like other conventional synthetic fibres, aramid raises numerous environmental concerns, particularly in terms of using fossil resources as feedstock, carbon emissions during production and consumption of chemicals, energy and water. Like the majority of synthetic fibres, aramid is linked to microfibre – and more particularly microplastic – pollution which endangers marine life and poses a serious risk to human and environmental health.
Biosynthetic (or bio-sourced) fibres, manufactured either wholly or partly with polymers from renewable resources, along with recycled aramid offer more sustainable alternatives to conventional synthetic fibres, which rely on virgin fossil resources.
The Good Goods
In the textile industry, AI can be used in many different ways, including for stock management, sales forecasting and trend forecasting.
Reference: ISO/IEC 2382-28:1995: Information technology
ISO 19011: Guidelines for auditing management systems